Total Social Cost Of Tobacco

The tobacco industry has a great deal of strategy and prowess in its ability to constantly brush its image despite the fearful dangers of smoking. In reality tobacco is a killing machine that easily destroys the social fabric through disease and social instability. In fact the total costs of tobacco products exceed the direct outlay on them. This as mention is as a result of morbidity, mortality and negative externalities associated with the use of tobacco products. The number of people using tobacco worldwide continues to climb with the focus now shifted to developing countries where regulation is weak and poorly implemented.

Tobacco and Cancer

Scientific studies carried out in India a country with one of the highest levels of chew tobacco users show some frightening results. Tobacco chewing in its various forms is directly responsible for cancers of the oral cavity, esophagus, pharynx, cervix and penis. As long established elsewhere, tobacco smoking causes lung cancer, gallbladder cancer, urinary cancer, penile cancer and stomach cancer amongst a variety of other terrible cancers. Other cancers such as kidney, liver, and pancreas have also been linked back to tobacco use.

Tobacco and vascular diseases

Cardiovascular disease also known as CVD are serious contributors to death and disability. In fact is estimated that CVD will be the major cause of death in developing countries. The use of tobacco has long been linked to CVD. In countries such as India by 2020 it is estimated that the 42 percent of deaths will be as a result of cardiovascular disease. There is however little scientific information linking smokeless tobacco to CVD.

Tobacco use and reproductive health outcomes

Tobacco use has been linked to infertility in both males and females. Men who smoke have low sperm count and poorer sperm quality compared to non-smokers. Mothers who smoke while Pipe tobacco brands pregnant will cause decreased foetal growth, spontaneous abortions, foetal deaths, pregnancy complications including complications that predispose the women to preterm delivery. Women who also smoke while pregnant will heighten risk of infertility in the unborn child. Smoking is known to affect the development of sperm and egg cells.

The tobacco industry has a great deal of strategy and prowess in its ability to constantly brush its image despite the fearful dangers of smoking. In reality tobacco is a killing machine that easily destroys the social fabric through disease and social instability. In fact the total costs of tobacco products exceed the direct outlay on them. This as mention is as a result of morbidity, mortality and negative externalities associated with the use of tobacco products. The number of people using tobacco worldwide continues to climb with the focus now shifted to developing countries where regulation is weak and poorly implemented.

Green tobacco sickness among tobacco harvesters

Tobacco growers and green tobacco handlers suffer from an occupational illness known as green tobacco sickness. This is as a result of nicotine absorption into the bloodstream via the skin. This disease is particularly a problem in developing countries were much of the farming is done without adequate protective clothing. symptoms of this sickness will include headache. Children used in these farms have an increased risk of taking up actual cigarette smoking due to the constant exposure to nicotine which results in a dependency.

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